- Due to rapid urban growth structured development is vital – however no driver / project management that takes a holistic approach. Develoment happens within subsystems alongside each other.
- Traditional / existing silo-structures on side of authorities, industry, academy are not open for collaboration. Fear to loose “competence”, power, benefit, competitive advantage.
- Citizens are not used to participation in creating their environment – majority just doesn’t care, many are not able (availability of technology) or capable (education, age related constrains) to use offerings often based on internet-technology (apps).
- Clear vision (on authority side) is missing – plans are changed opportunistically.
- Big data available – systems don’t interface; exchange of data not “allowed” / data protection; lack of business models.
- Real time data is available, but needs to be accessible and transferred into actionable information.
- Connect subsystems, think cross-sectoral, collaborate for new business models.
- Scale up doesn’t happen – pilots, often funded by EU money, stop after project phase – no “lessons learnt”; no standardization, no transfer to other cities
* Legacy more complex à processes slower
* Authorities more complex à decision making much slower
* Need for products higher à more cost
* No driver à lack of holistic project leadership
- Critical successfactors for smart cities are
* integration of existing resources and subsystems
* openness instead of proprietary solutions
* real time data